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January 13, 2017

Amaphuzu amabili Ukuze Oyaziyo Electronic Test Izinsiza kusebenza Projects

Voltage High resistors
ngu Matt Westervelt

Amaphuzu amabili Ukuze Oyaziyo Electronic Test Izinsiza kusebenza Projects

Imininingwane oyidingayo mayelana nemiklamo yokuhlola ye-elektroniki ihlanganisa imishini yokuhlola ye-electronic nezinto ezidingekayo ezikhethekile.

Ama-neon ama-nebs ama-probes angaba yi-tester encane kunazo zonke futhi elula kakhulu yokuhlola amandla we-AC atholakala ezitolo. Sondeza eyodwa ku-antenna yokudlulisela noma mhlawumbe ikhebula le-spark plug yemoto, bese ubona izibani ze-neon zikhanya. Abahloli abaningi bokuzenzela banikezwa ngamakhithi; noma kunjalo ungadala eyodwa kusuka ekuqaleni noma kusuka ku-elekthronikhi yakudala etholakala ekhaya lakho. Bheka le ndatshana ukuze uqonde kabanzi ngemishini yokuhlola ye-elekthronikhi uma ngabe uhlela ukuyenza wedwa.

Imishini yokuhlola i-elekthronikhi

Imishini yokuhlola ye-Multimeter emc iyindlela enhle kakhulu yezinto zakho zokuqala zokuhlola. Ama-Schematics namakhithi angatholakala kuma-multimeter edijithali. Ngaphambi kokuqala amathuluzi wokuhlola we-multimeter wakho wokuqala, ungathenga i-multimeter enenani elishibhile. Isikhwama sakho sehembe singavele silingane nale multimeter encane futhi eguquguqukayo kanye nelambu le-neon. Ngenkathi ukwinkqubo yokwenza imitha lakho, ungaqala futhi ukuba nemibono maqondana nenselelo yakho elandelayo yokwenza ngokwakho. Ngemuva nje kokudala imitha lakho, ungagxila kokuphakelwa kwamandla okuguquguqukayo, noma mhlawumbe i-generator yesiginali. Bhala eminye imishini yokuhlola, njengoba uthuthuka nemisebenzi yakho. Ngokwenza lokhu, ngeke ukwazi ukugcina isikhathi sakho kuphela, kepha futhi uzokwazi nokuthi uzofika ekutholeni ukuxilongwa ngokushesha kwezinkinga ozohlangabezana nazo. Ungasebenzisa i-oscilloscope ezolingana kahle ne-generator yesiginali futhi izosebenzisana nayo ukudala ifomathi yamaza kanye nokuhlaziywa kokulinganisa.

Izinto ezibalulekile ezibalulekile

* Imitha yamandla esensimu

Ukuthuthukisa uhlelo lwakho lokuhlola kuzokusiza ukuba uzifake ngokwezidingo zakho ezithile. Imitha yamandla yasensimu iyodingeka ngumqhubi womsakazo wenhlanhla futhi ingasetshenziswa njengemitha yomsakazo we-watt noma imishini yokudlulisela njengomthwalo we-dummy.

* Ukuphindaphinda counter

I-counter counter kuyinto enye into yokuhlola ebalulekile. Ukuvivinya amadivaysi alalelwayo we-hi-fidelity kwandiswe umhlaziyi wezinto eziphambene ezingasetshenziswa yi-millivoltmeter ne-oscilloscope. Ukuba nebhokisi lokuhlola i-loudspeaker kuzokusiza ukuba ubone kalula uhlelo olufanele lwe-impedance ngqo ngokusebenzisa isikhulumi ukuze uqinisekise ukuthi une-crossover esebenza kahle.

* I-Transistor futhi iphinde ihlolwe abahloli

I-Transistor ne-diode tester yilezi zinto ezikhethekile ezidingekayo zokusebenzisa imishini yokuhlola kagesi. Lokhu kubangelwa ukuthi amadivaysi amaningi wokuhlola i-electronic kuphela amathuluzi okubuyisela ama-capacitors nama-resistors. Ngokusebenzisa abahloli, njengabaculi be-transistors kanye nama-diodes, isheke esilula singenziwa kuphela ngezinxenye ezinenkinga ezingenzeka. Ngalolu hlobo lwamathuluzi, akudingeki wenze ukuhlaziywa kokuhlola kwe-voltage noma ukulandelela okuhleliwe ngama-generator yesignali.

* Izinto ezindala zobuchwepheshe

Izinto ze-elektroniki ezindala ongasasisebenzisi ezihlala eduze kwendlu zingase zibe usizo kakhulu kumsebenzi wakho wokuhlola i-home home. Ungakwazi ukuhlambalaza izifunda ezivela kulezi zinto ezindala nezonakalisiwe ze-elektroniki ezifana nezinto zokunikezwa amandla noma ama-stereos amadala. Inhloso lapha ukukwenza, ukulungisa noma ukulungisa izinhlelo zikagesi. Ukuzenzela ngokwakho ku-kit noma ngokwakho kuzokusiza ukuthi ulondoloze imali, futhi unikeze uhlelo olumisiwe oluzokwenza ukuthi ulondoloze isikhathi sokuxazulula inkinga bese uqedela inqubo yokulungisa.

Uma usebenzisa ama-electronics, ngaso sonke isikhathi uthathe izinyathelo zokuqapha ngenxa yokuthi kungenzeka ukuthi u-electrocuted. Kunconywa ukuba wenze ucwaningo olunzulu ngaphambi kokuqala iphrojekthi ye-electronic ye-do-it yourself.

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